COVID-19: 14 Do’s and Don’ts of level 3 lockdown
On Sunday 24 May President Cyril Ramaphosa announced that from 1 June South Africa would move to level three of its national lockdown. Then four days later on Thursday 28 May Minister of Cooperative Governance and Traditional Affairs, Dr Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma and Minister of Trade, Industry and Competition, Ebrahim Patel announced the specific regulations that will govern level three.
Below we answer 14 common questions about how things will be different under level 3 compared to level 4.
1. Will alcohol and cigarettes be sold?
Dlamini-Zuma announced that the sale of alcohol will now be allowed under certain restrictions. According to the regulations, the sale of alcohol may only take place from Monday to Thursday, between 09:00 and 17:00.
According to Patel, alcohol can be sold at any premise that has a licence to sell liquor, on the condition that it is sold in “sealed containers” and is not consumed on the premises. The regulations confirmed this.
The sale of tobacco products, including cigarettes, is still not allowed.
2. Will exercise still be restricted?
Yes, but not as much. The three-hour time limit on exercise has been lifted. The regulations now allow for exercise between 06:00 and 18:00, as long as it does not take place in groups and proper social distancing is maintained.
3. I’m a domestic worker, will I be allowed to go back to work?
Patel said domestic workers may return to work, provided they adhere to safety protocols and precautions. He did not however elaborate on what these protocols are.
4. Are social gatherings allowed?
No. most Social gatherings are still not allowed.
The regulations only allow for groups of people to gather for professional, non-contact sports (to be elaborated on by Minister of Sports, Arts and Culture), workplace meetings, funerals, agricultural auctions, and services at faith-based institutions.
There is still a limit of 50 people at such gatherings.
5. Will I be allowed to go to church?
Yes. It was announced on Tuesday by the President that places of worship will be opened under level three, as long as they meet certain safety requirements. According to the regulations, these include limiting services to a maximum of 50 people, who must all wear face masks and maintain adequate social distance. Places of worship must also be properly cleaned and sanitized after every service.
6. Can I be legally evicted under level three?
The regulations state that a person may not be evicted from their place of land or home under level three but leaves some discretion to the courts.
As with level four, the regulations provide for a court to grant an eviction under the Extension of Security of Tenure Act and the Prevention of Illegal Eviction from and Unlawful Occupation of Land Act. The court may only grant such an eviction order if it “can be stayed and suspended until the last day of the Alert Level 3 period, unless a court decided that it is not just and equitable to stay and suspend the order until the last day of Alert level 3”.
7. Will we still have a curfew?
No. According to Dlamini-Zuma, the curfew will be lifted under level three.
8. I’m returning to work next week; will I need a permit?
Yes, according to Patel you will. He said workers would need a letter from their employers like the one featured in the regulations.
9. Will travel between provinces or metropolitan areas be allowed?
Travelling between provinces, districts and metropolitan areas is still restricted, with a few exceptions.
The regulations provide for travel between these areas if people are doing so for work (including a Member of Parliament), provided they have the correct permit. People who are moving to a new residence can also move between these areas, if they have an affidavit such as the one provided in the regulations.
Students and learners who have to travel between these areas to return to school or university may do so, provided they have the correct certificate.
The certificate must be issued by the head of their school or university, confirming their attendance and containing the student’s details (this certificate is provided in the regulations). Anyone who transports a student or learner between the different areas must also have a permit issued by the head of the school or university, which allows them to transport learners or students.
Those caring for immediate family members will also be allowed to move to a different area, if they have an affidavit like the one provided in the regulations.
10. Do we still need to wear face masks?
Yes. The regulations require anyone in a public space or using public transport to wear a face mask.
11. Are we allowed to fly domestically?
That depends on the reason for your flight. According to the regulations, domestic flights for leisure are not allowed under level three.
However, it was previously announced by the President that domestic flights for the purpose of conducting business will be phased in at a later date. Yet, neither the press briefing on Thursday nor the regulations provided specifics on when and under what conditions these flights may start.
12. I work overseas, when will I be able to return to the country I work in?
The regulations provide for the Minister of Home Affairs to allow people who meet certain criteria to enter or leave the country.
The criteria provided by the regulations include seeking emergency medical treatment for a life-threatening condition, the repatriation of foreign nationals to their country of residence, and for the return of a South African National or permanent resident to his or her place of employment, study or residence.
The Department of Home Affairs published a statement earlier this week outlining who would be eligible to leave the country and who they should contact.
13. I work at a beauty salon; can I go back to work yet?
No. While level three has allowed for the re-opening of many industries, there are a few that may not open yet. According to Patel, this is because these industries pose a high risk for COVID-19 transmission.
The regulations state that the industries that must remain closed under level three include personal care industries, such as “hair dressing, beauty treatment, make-up and nail salons, piercing and tattoo studios”.
Other industries that may not re-open yet are also listed in the regulations.
14. Will initiation practices be allowed?
No. The regulations state that no initiation practices for males or females will be allowed until the end of the National State of Disaster. This includes attending an initiation school, and circumcision as part of initiation practices.